Ready-to-use. All natural ingredients. Repels 3 ways such as by sense of touch, taste and smell. Protects plants and property. Even stops animals from chewing wood structures and fences. Repels moles, voles, skunks, rabbits, gophers, armadillos and other vermins. Lasts up to 2 months per application. Can be exposed to water after 6 hrs.